General information about the hemp plant
Hemp plants belong to the group of segregated-sexed annual plants, which have a day-length-dependent flower formation and can crossbreed in the wild with other plants of the same genus with the help of the wind. The life cycle of a plant can be between two and ten months. Flowering is initiated by an increasing dark period, while the growing period requires a high degree of light.
The first phase in the growth of any hemp plant is germination. With the help of a nutrient medium and moisture, the seeds are stimulated to germinate. First the so-called taproot is formed, from which a seedling develops within a few days. In this state, hemp plants can hardly be distinguished from each other. After a short seedling phase of about one to two weeks, a small plant develops, which creates the transition to the actual growth phase. During this phase the stem becomes thicker and the seedlings develop into powerful plants within a few weeks. A strong structure is formed as well as a large amount of leaves. Once the growth phase is complete, the last phase is initiated. During the flowering phase, the flowers in particular grow, developing the cannabinoid and terpene profile of each plant. Those who decide to grow hemp can grow the plant from cuttings or seeds. Seeds are almost 100 percent female thanks to the feminization technique, making them ideal for producing high-yielding plants. The use of cuttings is recommended when growing several hemp plants in a very confined space. These usually come from the same mother plant. This means that they have the same genetic make-up and enable uniform growth.
Why is the distinction between male and female plants important?
As a separate sexual, annual plant, hemp must reproduce in the wild by means of wind pollination. However, this is not necessary for the conscious cultivation and breeding of hemp plants. More important are the different characteristics of the two sexes. While female plants have high THC or CBD levels, this is not the case with male hemp plants. These do not produce flowers and contain only a small amount of THC. In addition, they can negatively influence the development of the female plants. It is therefore important to distinguish between male and female plants.
How to recognize male and female plants?
Male and female hemp plants can be easily distinguished from each other with some practice. While female plants usually look healthy and have many branches, male plants only grow upwards and rarely have branches. Furthermore, a look at the leaf axils can also help to determine the sex of a hemp plant. In male plants, small, round balls are found on the leaf axils.
What is to be considered with the care - fertilizer, water requirement and temperature
Hemp plants need a good climate for their growth. This consists of the right temperature and sufficient humidity. When watering, it is important to make sure that the soil is moist but not wet. Watering should therefore always be done only when the soil is only superficially moist and is already dry at a depth of one centimeter. Since the roots need a lot of oxygen, the pots used should have drainage holes to prevent waterlogging. The temperature of the watering water is also crucial. In the best case, it should be between 18 and 24 degrees. Since hemp plants need many nutrients, especially during the growth phase, fertilizers with phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen are often used to ensure the supply of the important nutrients.
For the cultivation of hemp plants there are two different possibilities. On the one hand, the plants can be grown indoors and artificially illuminated. For this purpose fluorescent tubes, metal halogen lamps and sodium vapor lamps are used. These ensure the necessary lighting of about 18 hours a day, especially during the growth phase. However, the plants can also thrive outdoors, in the garden or on the balcony. The decisive factor here is the choice of the right location. This should be chosen in such a way that the plant is exposed to sunlight during the growth phase as much of the day as possible. Due to the climatic conditions, it is advisable to place the hemp plants outdoors only towards the end of April to mid-May, as cold nights could otherwise damage the plants. If there are particularly hot and dry periods during the growth phase, the plants must be watered by hand to ensure the necessary moisture.
Buy hemp plants - is that legal?
Yes it is, at least in most countries in Europe. You may not make hemp plants bloom, but you may buy and own them. And that's a good thing, after all, a hemp plant has a lot to offer - and it's also beautiful to look at. Sun-ripened hemp plants are available in our store in different sizes and they are delivered directly to your home, neutrally packed of course. What you could do with your hemp plants? You can keep them as casual indoor plants and watch them grow. Or you can make wonderful tea from their leaves. You can find out here which variety tastes how. But that's not all. You can also use the leaves for cooking and baking. Create fresh smoothies, delicious side dishes, crispy breads and fragrant pastries to your taste. You can find inspiration in our blog or on our Facebook page. What else can you find here? Delicious hemp tea variations for example or the legendary CBD drops. Just click through and order today what your heart desires.